Caroline Cao


Caroline G. L. Cao is Professor of Industrial and Enterprise Systems Engineering at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Director of Applied Health Technology Initiatives in the Grainger College of Engineering, Health Innovation Professor and Director of Engineering Innovation and Medical Simulation in the Carle Illinois College of Medicine. Prior to Illinois, she was International Chair for Industry of the Future and Professor of Computer Science at IMT Atlantique in Brest, France from 2021 to 2023, where she developed partnerships with industries to address challenges in Industry 4.0 and 5.0 (e.g., digital twins, human-robot interaction, artificial intelligence, XR technology, system resilience). Professor Cao is a researcher, educator and entrepreneur with extensive experience in the design and development of medical systems and devices, and enabling technology (AR/VR, simulation and training, decision aid, haptics, sensory substitution, navigational aid, robotics, etc.) for minimally invasive surgery and robotic surgery. She is an expert in human factors engineering, specializing in skills acquisition and performance evaluation. She is a recipient of the National Science Foundation Career Award, a US Fulbright Scholar award, and the International Chair of RFI (Recherche, Formation, Innovation) in ATLANSTIC 2020. Professor Cao is an elected Fellow of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society.

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